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Technical Program 2016-17: Integrated Farming System 

Centres



S.

No

Code

 

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1.

                ANAN/

                 IFS/

                2010/LT

                  OS

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 PI &Co-PIs

                 BSR

                 MVSB

                 MVSR

                 KMR

KB

GNS

 

 

 

 

Title:Evaluation of different agroforestry systems under rainfed conditions

Objective :

·   To identify most suitable horti – silvi- pastural farming system for rainfed alfisols.

·   To evaluate the effect of soil and moisture conservation techniques.

Crop/ Treatments

Crop: Groundnut

Trees: Aonla, Subabul, Simarouba and Custard apple

Livestock : Sheep

T1: Groundnut   alone

T2: Groundnut + Amla

T3: Groundnut +      Subabul

T4: Groundnut + Simarouba

T5: Groundnut + Custard apple

T6: Groundnut + 10 sheep

T7: Groundnut + Aonla + 10 sheep

T8: Groundnut + Soobabul + 10 sheep

T9: Groundnut + Simarouba + 10 sheep

T10: Groundnut + Custard apple + 10 sheep RBD, 3 Reps

Observations/ Analysis Initial soil fertility,Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, Soil loss, RWUE, Runoff,   System productivity,  Crop seasonal rainfall,

Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis

Horticulture:Initial and final - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth , parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,Land quality

Agriculture:

a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  in   between horticultural plants/trees:Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of ,ole/main/intercrops

Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems,RWUE,economics

 

 

S. No

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations

1 (a)

BS/IFS/ CROP/2008-LT/

OS

 

PI&Co-PIs

STS

AK

VS

SCS

RKS

VK

YK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title :Viability of Integrated farming system model for Kandi area: Situation-I (tree dominant)

Objectives:

·   To reduce the impact of dry spell and ensure the increase in biomass production

·   Land configuration for in-situ rainwater conservation

·   Rainwater harvesting with the help of water harvesting structure (farm pond) and to study cost effectiveness

·   To recycle the harvested water for different crops, trees and biomass production

·   Impact assessment and economic analysis of the farming system

·   Increased productivity, profitability and food security on sustainable basis

·   (Silt traps inclusion)

Crop/ Treatments:

 Crops:  Field crops, horticultural and forestry plants

Components: SWC treatments (bio-engineering measures)

Water harvesting, Crop, Fodder, Trees, Forestry, Horticulture

(A) Catchment area development

·      Land development in order to develop three micro-watersheds

·      Suitable soil conservation measures for gully control

·      To develop suitable drainage line in micro-watersheds for water harvesting

  (B) Water harvesting farm pond

·      Evolving suitable design for water harvesting structure based on micro-watershed characteristics

·      Efficient utilization of harvested rainwater for life saving irrigation for field crops, vegetables and trees

·      Utilizing the percolating water by growing deep rooted tree crop near water body

   (C) Tree-crop interaction

1) Field/vegetable crops:

(a) Summer: Maize, greengram, blackgram, pearlmillet, sesame, cucurbits, okra, chilly, etc.

(b) Winter: Wheat, raya, taramira,  chickpea, lentil, etc.

2) Plantation

a) Horticultural trees :

Guava, mango, kinnow, pear, peach, plum, lemon, amla, jamun, phalsa, ber, biel, kathal, pomegranate, reetha and galgal

b) Forest tree:Kikar, Shisham, Subabul & Khair (natural), Dhek, Toon, Neem, Siris

c) Vegetative barriers

Kanna (Sachharum munja), Napier hybrid Bajra (Pennisetum purpureum), Babbar (Eulaliopsus binata), vetiver (Vetivar zizanioides), subabul (Leucaena leucocephala), bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea), Ipomea (Ipomea fistulosa)

d) Fodder Grasses :

Guinea grass (Panicum maxicum), Napier, hybrid bajra stylosanthesus hamata, S. Scabra, Cenchrus ciliaris, C. setigarus and natural existing Khabbal grass (Cynodon dactylon).

(D) SWC measures*

1) Summer ploughing (across slope)

2) Vegetative barriers 

3) Stone pitching

4) Brush wood structure

·      * Location specific and need based

Observations :

Crops: as given earlier

Initial soil analysis Soil loss, RWUE, Runoff,  GY, Boimass yield, System productivity,

Crop seasonal rainfall, Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread, Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis,

Water harvesting:Run off,Soil loss &Water budgeting studies,No. of run off events

Water stored in the farm pond \Duration of availability of water in the pond,Efficacy of silt trap,Quality of irrigation,No. of irrigations and what stage of the crop,Kind (lood, drip, sprinkler etc.)  and Quantity of each irrigation,Cost of each irrigation (including the cost o micro-irrigation systems, lifting from the pond using pumps, labour charges etc)

Horticulture:Initial - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,economics,Land quality

Fodder grasses:Biomass,RWUE,Economics

1(b)

BS/IFS/

CROP/ 2008-LT/

OS

 

 

 

 

PI&Co-PIs

STS

AK

VS

SCS

RKS

VK

YK

 

Title:Crop based Integrated Farming System – Situation-II (Crop dominant)

Objectives :

·   Evolving suitable design for water harvesting structure based on micro watershed characteristics

·   Techniques for optimum utilization of harvested rain water

·   Impact of soil and water conservation practices on in-situ soil moisture conservation, runoff, soil loss and crop yield

Crop/ Treatments:

Crops: Field crops, horticultural and forestry plants

Treatments :

A) In-situ moisture conservation:

T1:Precision levelling

T2:Vegetative barriers

T3: Mulching

T4:Cultural practices

(B) Agriculture:  

Kharif : Maize, black gram, greengram,

    pearl millet and sesame

Rabi: Wheat, raya, lentil and chickpea 

(C) Plantation:

Fruit plants (guava, lemon, kinnow, galgal, jamun, pomegranate, harad etc.) and farm forestry (kikar, dek, tun, biel, etc.) as boundary plantation

Observations :Initial soil properties Runoff and Soil loss, RWUE,

Crops: as given earlier and System productivity,  Crop seasonal rainfall,

Plantation crops:Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread, Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis,Carbon balance,Soil quality

 

S. No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations

1

HISA/ IFS/

CROP/

2010 -OS

 

PI &

Co-PIs

MSS

BSJ

SBM

SKA

 

 

 

Title: Catchment–storage–command  relationship for enhancing water productivity

Objectives:

·     To quantify the runoff through rain water harvested in storage tank under rainfall events To workout the seepage and evaporation  losses

·     To explore the feasibility of supplemental irrigation for  efficient utilization in selected high value vegetables and fruit crops

Crop/ Treatments:

Crops: Kharif & rabi crops, vegetables, medical and fruit plants ,

Observations :Soil moisture content, Water use efficiency, In-situ infiltration, Crop seasonal rainfall, Minimum & Maximum Temperature, Evaporation, AET, PET and water balance, Runoff,Water budgeting studies,No. of runoff events, Water stored in the farm pond \Duration of availability of water in the pond, No. of irrigations and stage of the crop, Kind (drip, sprinkler )  and Quantity of each irrigation,Cost of each irrigation (including cost of micro-irrigation systems, lifting from the pond using pumps, labor charges etc)

 

S. No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1.

KOVI/

IFS/

CROP/

2006 -

2014

OS

 

PI &

Co-PIs

TR

Title:Integrated farming system for sustainable agriculture in dryland vertisols

Objectives :

·         To increase and sustain the farm productivity and income under drylands

·         To provide employment throughout  the year

·         To recycle farm and livestock waste / residue effectively and economically

To improve soil fertility over years

Crop/ Treatments

Crops: Sorghum, Maize, Cotton, Greengram, Blackgram, Cowpea, Fodder crops, Clusterbean,

I. Integrated Farming system

a) Crop component

1.

Sorghum + cowpea (1:1)

0.4 ha

2.

Maize + Greengram (1:1) 

0.1 ha

3.

Cotton + Blackgram (1:1)     

0.6 ha

4.

Clusterbean

0.1 ha

5

Fodder  crops  (sorghum, 

Desmanthus)         

0.4 ha

 

Total:

1.6 ha

b)  Goat unit   –  (10 + 1)

c)   Milch animal – 1

II. Farmers’ practice

1.

Sorghum

0.6 ha

2.

Greengram

0.4 ha

3.

Cotton + B.gram (1:1)

0.6 ha

 

            Total:

1.6 ha

Non-replicated)

Observations/ Analysis OC, N, P, K, Micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, RWUE,  Intercropping systems, Days to maturity for  sole crops,Days to maturity  for  intercrops,Grain/Seed yield of Sole crops

Stalk yield of Sole crops,Grain yield of Main crop,Grain yield of intercrops

Stalk yields of main crop ,Stalk yield of intercrops,Equivalent Yield of Main crop in the Intercropping system,LER,MAI (Monetary Advantage Index)

Economics,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell ,RWUE, Biomass yield, System productivity,  Crop seasonal rainfall,  Economic analysis,Relevant data on goat milch animal,Component wise data, Comparison of economic competency wise IFS

 

 

S. No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1.

PARB/

IFS /

DRUM/

2009 - LT/

OS

 

PI & Co-PIs

AKG

SBC

MSP

Title Development of integrated farming system with horticultural crops for rainfed condition under vertisols

 Objectives:

·            To study the performance of  intercrops with Drumstic

·            To study the soil fertility changes under different systems

Crop/Treatments Crop : Drumstic + four intercrops

 Treatments :

T1 – Drumstic sole (3x3 m)

T2 – Drumstic+ soybean (1:6)

T3 – Drumstic+ Greengram (1:6)

T4 – Drumstic+ Blackgram (1:6)

Observations/Analysis OC, SN, SP, SK, Micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, Soil loss, RWUE, Runoff

Horticulture:Initial and final - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,Land quality

Agriculture:

a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  in   between horticultural ,plants/trees,Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems,RWUE,economics,Crop seasonal rainfall, Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis)

 

S.

No

Code

 

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1.

RAJK/

IFS/

2008 - LT/

OS

 

 

PI &

Co-PIs

MSG

GSS

VDV

NSL

KNA

 

 

 

Title:Integrated Farming System under rainfed condition

Objective:

·      To find out technological intervention options for improving farming system at given resources base

Crop/ Treatments

a.Crops:  Blackgram

 Greengram Groundnut,   Cotton, Peralmillet, Sesame

b. Inter crops:

  Groundnut + castor (3:1),  Castor + sesame (1:1)

c. Fodder crops:

Sorghum,  Moth bean

d. Horticultural:

Ber, Custard Apple,

Gunda

e. Forestry: Neem

f. Bio-fuel:

Jatropha

Pongamia

Large Sample Size

Observations/ Analysis OC, N, P, K, S, Micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, RWUE, System productivity, 

Crop seasonal rainfall,

Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread, Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis

Agriculture

a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  :Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of sole/main/intercrops,Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month) ,Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems,RWUE,economics

 

S. No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations

1.

RAKH/ IFS/CROP/2005-LT/OS

PI&Co-PIs

 

MS

VG

JK

BS

(Continue)

Title:Development and  testing of agri-horti-silvi-pastoral system models for Kandi region of Jammu

Objective:

·         To develop a sustainable farming system model for generation of income for small and marginal farmers

Crop/ Treatments/ :

Crops: Maize, Wheat,  Blackgram/Greengram, Fodder, Toria, Gobhi sarson, Silvi-agri, Agri-horti, vegetables

T1: Maize –Wheat

T2: Blackgram --Wheat

T3: Mixed fodder-Toria + Gobhi sarson

T4: Silvi-agri-pastoral system (Leucaena    + Fodder-Wheat)

T5: Agri-horti-pastoral System (Aonla +     mixed fodder -gobhi sarson)

T6: Vegetable        (Observational trial)

Observations:

 Soil :OC, N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance

Horticulture:Initial and final - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,Land quality

Agriculture:

·         a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  in   between horticultural plants/trees:Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of sole/main/intercrops,Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month, ),Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems,RWUE,economics

 

S.

No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1

REWA/

IFS/

CROP/

2007/

OF

 

 

 

PI &

Co-PIs

DPD

Title Assessment of sustainability of agri-horticultural system under farmers field condition

Objective:

·   To assess agri-horti system for productivity and profitability under rainfed condition

·      To monitor soil fertility changes over years.

Crop/ Treatments:

Crops: Guava + soybean-barley

Observations/ Analysis :OC, SN,SP SK, Micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, Soil loss, Runoff,

Horticulture:Initial and final - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,Land quality

Agriculture:a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  in   between horticultural plants/trees:Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of sole/main/intercrops,Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems, RWUE,economics,System productivity,  Crop seasonal rainfall, Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread) Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis

 

S. No.

Code

 

1

SKNA/ IFS/

CROP/

2007 - 14/

OF

 

 

 

PI &

Co-PIs

RNS

JJP

NIP

CRK

 

Title:On-farm participatory integrated farming system in rainfed condition (at Amirgarh taluk)

Objectives:

   I.  To provide technological interventions for improving traditional farming system

 II.  To raise the productivity / sustainability of land through efficient utilization of available resources

III.  To evaluate multi-tiered biomass production under IFS

IV.  To monitor the impact of a component or system related technology on sustainability of IFS model

Crop/ Treatments:

1.     Crops  : Pearlmillet,

a.     Sorghum,

b.     Maize,

c.     Castor,

d.     Cowpea,

e.     Greengram

Treatments :

T1: Pearl millet + karingdo

T2 : Castor + cowpea

T3 : Maize + cowpea

T4 :  Castor + green gram

T5 : Sorghum +  karingdo     along  with animal  husbandry   enterprise

Observations/ Analysis :

Soil :

Initial and final soil fertility

Carbon balance,

Intercrop systems: as given earlier

Other parameters:

component wise specific observations

 

S. No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations/ Analysis

1.

SOLA/

IFS/

PIGE/

2009 - 15/

OS

 

PI &

Co-PIs

SMD

SVP

USG

BDK

JRK

 

Title Farming systems for sustainability and livelihood security of the farmers in the scarcity zone of Maharashtra

Objectives:

·     To generate the integrated farming system model for efficient use of resources

·     Impact assessment of integrated farming system model in respect of employment generation, recycling of energy and increasing income flow To study the economics and viability of rainfed farming system

Crop/ Treatments:

Crops: Trees: Neem, Glyricidia, Anjan, Acacia, Pongamia, Jatropha, Simaruba, Bakan (Melia) Austrailanbabul, Subabul, Aonla, Drumstic,

Crops: Sunflower, Sorghum, Chickpea, Horsegram, Maize, Grasses Cenchurs ciliaris, Stylo 

Set I: Medium deep soil (45 to 60 cm      depth)

 S.No.  Components of integrated   Area          farming systems

1. Agri-horti systems (Anola +  Drumstick + (Pearlmillet +   pigeonpea)       0.30

2. Cowpea + rabi sorghum     0.40

3. Fodder crops (Madras Anjan/

    Pavana/ Maize/ Sorghum fodder) 0.10

4. Chickpea               0.15

5. Live stock 1 Buffalo + 10 +1)

    Goats        0.03

6. Boarder plantation

    (Subabul + gylricidia + grasses) 0.02

     Total:  1.00

Observations/ Analysis :

Soil :OC, SN,SP SK, Micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance

 Grasses: Biomass yield

Environment :Crop seasonal rainfall

Other parameters:Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread,  Economic analysis component wise specific observations ,Agrihorticulture systems,As above

Tree: Tree specific growth parameters

Fodder crops : Biomass,RWUE, Intercroppingsystems:Days to maturity for  sole crops,Days to maturity  for  intercrops,Grain/Seed yield of Sole crops

Stalk yield of Sole crops,Grain yield of Main crop,Grain yield of intercrops

Stalk yields of main crop ,Stalk yield of intercrops,Equivalent Yield of Main crop in the Intercropping system,LER,MAI (Monetary Advantage Index),Economics,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month)

RWUE

Sunflower: Seeds/Head, Days to Maturity,Seed yield,Haulm yield ,Harvest Index,100 Seed Weight ,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),RWUE

Sorghum: as above

Chickpea: as above

Horsegram: Days to 50 % flowering,Pods/Plant,Seed Yield,Stalk Yield

100 Seed Weight ,Economics, Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm)

No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month)

RWUE

Maize: Cobs/Plant,Length of Cob (cm),Days to Maturity,1000 Grain Weight, Grain yield, Straw yield, Harvest Index,1000 Grain Weight,

Economics,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),RWUE

2.

SOLA/RM/

SORG/2013/

OS

Title Effect of tillage and residue retention for resource conservation in improving soil quality and productivity of  black gram-rabi sorghum sequence on Inceptisol

Objectives:

Crop/ Treatments:

Cropping system  :- Black gram – rabi sorghum (rotation)

Tillage management (main treatment) Conventional tillage (CT)

 1. Summer ploughing once in        three year.   Harrowing on set of monsoon for good seed  bed.

2. Sowing of black gram with ferti-seed drill +  subsequent light harrowing + two hoeing at  3rd and 5th week after sowing of black gram.

3. Harvesting of black gram either for green manuring or grain.

4. Harrowing after harvest of black gram. Sowing of rabi sorghum with ferti-seeddrill- subsequent light harrowing.

5. Three hoeings at 3rd 5th and     8th weeks after sowing of rabi sorghum.

6. Harvesting of rabi sorghum above ground  level.

Reduced tillage (RT)  :

1. Harrowing on set of monsoon.

  2. Sowing of black gram with ferti-seed drill- subsequent light harrowing +  hoeing at 3rd  week  after sowing of black gram.

3.Harvesting of blk gram either for green  manuring or grain.

4.  Harrowing after harvest of     black gram.

5. Sowing of rabi sorghum with ferti-seed drill-    subsequent light harrowing.

6. Two hoeing at 3rd and 5th week after sowing of rabi Sorghum.

7. Harvesting of rabi sorghum above ground level.

Zero tillage (ZT)

1. Sowing of black gram with ferti-seed drill on set of monsoon- subsequent light harrowing + pre-emergence herbicide  for weed control.

2.Harvesting of black gram either for green manuring or grain.

3.Sowing of sorghum –subsequent light harrowing + pre-emergence herbicide for weed control.

4.Harvesting of rabi sorghum above ground level.

Residue management (sub treatment)

   S1 Kharif fallow (no retention of crop residue) +  Recom. dose of fertilizer to rabi sorghum (50 :25 N:P2O5 ha-1)

   S2 Harvest black gram above ground level at flowering for surface application as a green loppings.(root + crop residue)+(0:50 Kg N: P2O5        ha-1 + PSB + Rhizobium  seed treatment to black  gram and 37.5 Kg N +0 Kg  P2O5  ha-1+ Acetobcter +PSB seed treatment for rabi sorghum        respectively).

  S3 Harvest of black gram above ground level for grain (only root biomass retention) +(19:37.5 N:P2O5+ Kg ha-1 to black gram +PSB + Rhizobium       seed treatment and 37.5:19 Kg N:P2O5 ha-1  to rabi sorghum +PSB + Acetobcter seed treatment respectively)

Note :Rabi sorghum will be harvested above ground level.

Under abnormal season black gram harvested above ground level for fodder instead of   grain in the treatment No S3

Observations/ Analysis :Input & output energy,Crop seasonal rainfall,Economic analysis,

 

S.

No.

Code

Title/ Objectives/ Crop/ Treatments/ Observations

1.

VARA/

IFS/

CROP/ 2007/

OF

 

 

 

 

PI & Co-PIs

RPS

AKN

ND

JPL

JPS

SPS

 

Title:Farming system research

Objective:

·  To establish  crop based farming system model for enhancing productivity / profitability and ensuring livelihood security

Crop/ Treatments:

Crops- Rice-Chickpea/ Lentil/mustard,

 Rice+ pigeonpea

Horticulture :

Guava, Karonda, Aonla, Ber

Vegetables :

  Cowpea, Okra, tomato, Chillies

  Live stock :

Milch Cattle, Goat/poultry

Observations :

Rice :  as given earlier 

Chickpea: Days to 50% flowering,No.of nodules/Nodules resh weight,Pods/Plant

Days to Maturity,Seed yield,Stalk yield ,Harvest Index,100 Seed Weight ,Economics,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),RWUE,Lentil: Days to 50 % flowering,Pods/Plant,Seed Yield,Stalk Yield,100 Seed Weight ,Economics,

Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) ,No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),RWUE,Vegetables: Fruit yield, Economics

Horticulture:Initial and final - Soil analysis  for macro and micro nutrients

Organic carbon, pH, EC etc.

Till  fruiting:Establishment in the first year - mortality, water use by each plant,Plant height,Girth,Other growth parameters specific to species,Land quality

From the fruiting year:Fruit yield/tree,Land quality

Agriculture:a. Sole Cropping  Intercropping systems  in   between horticultural plants/trees:Seed yield of sole/main/intercrops,Stalk yield of sole/main/intercrops,Days to maturity,Crop Seasonal Rainfall (mm) , No. of Dry spells and at what stage of crop, duration of each dry spell (mention days and month),Grain/seed yield of  sole/main/intercrops,Equivalent yield  of main crop in intercropping systems,RWUE,economics,OC, N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg micro nutrients, Carbon balance, Nutrient balance, Soil loss, RWUE, Runoff,  GY, Boimass yield, System productivity,  Crop seasonal rainfall, Growth parameters (height, girth, canopy spread), Water requirement of plant/tree, Economic analysis

 

 

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