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Realtime Contingency

Ballowal-Saunkhri, S.B.S.Nagar District, Punjab(2012-13)

Rainfall Situation and Type of Contingency (Delayed  and deficit  rainfall): 

In  2012,  at AICRPDA centre, Ballowal-Saunkhri, a rainfall of 521.9 mm (Fig. 10) was received during the kharif season which was deficit by 419 mm. The deficit  rainfall  was  recorded  in     June,  July, September and October.

Normal and actual (2012) monthly rainfall at Ballowal Saunkhri

Contingency Plan Implemented: Under normal situation, maize is the predominant kharif crop in the Kandi region of Punjab. Due to delayed onset of monsoon, contingent crops viz., greengram, blackgram, clusterbean, sesame, groundnut, pearlmillet (grain) and pearlmillet (fodder) were sown in the first week of July.

Performance: Amongst the contingent crops viz., greengram, blackgram, clusterbean, sesame, groundnut, pearlmillet (grain) and pearlmillet (fodder), sesame performed better with higher maize equivalent yield (237 kg/ha) (Table 6)

Table. 6  Performance of contingent crops during delayed onset of monsoon

Crops

CCrops

Grain/Seed yield(Kg/ha)

Grain/seed yield (kg/ha)

Straw yield(Kg/ha)

Straw yield (kg/ha)

Maize equivalent yield(Kg/ha)

Maize equivalent yield (kg/ha)

Maize

2091

4011

2359

Greengram

472

4072

1729

Blackgram

509

2441

1695

Clusterbean

-

12099

686

Sesame

356

1582

2370

Pearlmillet (G)

482

3162

491

Pearlmillet (F)

-

45600

1840

CD (0.05%)

 

 

244.0

2. NICRA Village: Achalapur, Hoshiarpur District, Punjab

Rainfall Situation and Type of Contingency (Hailstorm): During 2012-13 and 2013-

14, the NICRA village experienced heavy intense hailstorm. The villages experienced hailstorm with high speed winds of 120-130 kmph.

Contingency Plan Implemented: The maize crop lodged at the time of grain filling stage due to heavy rainfall and heavy winds. As a contingency measure, the lodged crop was cut and vertical stacking was done (Fig. 59 to 61) this reduced the rotting and rodents problem compared to normal practice of removing cobs of the lodged crop

Performance: Vertically staked crop showed proper grain filling and with better grain quality. Late sown maize also lodged at tasseling/milking stage. As a contingency measure, the crop was cut and used for green fodder while where the crop was milking stage the green cobs was sold in the market.

      

Maize crop affected by hailstorm Fig. 60 Bundle formation of lodged maize crop. Vertical staking of maize crop     

NICRA Village:  Achalpur, Hoshiarpur District, Punjab

Rainfall Situation and Type of Contingency (Terminal drought) : During 2012 in the village, the withdrawal of south-west monsoon was early and there were no rains in October and November causing unfavourable conditions for sowing of rabi crops, particularly wheat crop.

Contingency Plan Implemented: Due to early withdrawal of south-west monsoon coupled with no post-monsoon rains, there was no sufficient moisture in the top soil for sowing of wheat crop, sowing of wheat was done in the moist zone using seed drill and the furrow was kept open.

 

Performance: As the seed was timely sown and properly placed in the moist zone, there was uniform and good germination of wheat crop (Fig. 49 & 50) as compared to broadcasting method.

        

 Sowing of wheat with Seed drill    Uniform germination and better crop stand of Wheat

 

                                
 

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