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Realtime Contingency

NICRA Village: Tahkapal, Bastar District, Chattisgarh

Rainfall Situation and Type of Contingency (Excess rainfall) : In 2012, the village experienced continuous high rainfall during June which was excess of about 345 mm compared to normal (477 mm). Further, there was excess rainfall of 39 % during 120 % during the month of August and September, respectively.

Contingency  Plan  Implemented:The  excess  rainfall  events  affected  the  field preparation and sowings of kharif crops, further the excess rainfall also affected the seedlings due to submerged condition. As contingency measures viz, change in crops, rainwater and crop management practices under upland, midland and lowland situations were implemented in the NICRA villages.

a) Upland Situation

1.   Alternate Crops : The black gram (var. - Pant U-30) and green gram (var. - Hum-1) (Fig. 51) were sown in uplands during August and  September in  20 farmers  fields where fingermillet/ pigeonpea/ maize/vegetable crops were damaged due to high rainfall in the month of June –July, 2013. 100 kg/ha of DAP was applied in furrows.

Performance of black gram, green gram and horsegram as alternate crops

 2. Transplanting of pigeonpea (Rajeev lochan) across the slope was done in 3 farmers fields (Fig. 52) where the normal crop was failed due to high rains. The seedlings of pigeonpea were prepared in polyethene bags in shaded area. For achieving proper growth spot application of FYM and DAP was done.

   

Performance of transplanted   Pigeonpea as alternate crop

3.   Niger for late sowing condition: Lot of land was remained fallow due to heavy rains in the month of June. As a contingency crop, Niger (var. JNC-9) (Fig. 53) was introduced in 20 farmers fields during 15th to 20th September (which is also the normal sowing time for niger).

Sowing and crop condition of  Niger crop under very late sown condition

4.   Alternative high value vegetables with artificial drainage: Seedlings of brinjal (Muktakeshi), tomato (Pusa Ruby) and chilies (Pusa Jwala) were prepared by creating artificial drainage c o n d i t i o n s   i n   p o l y   s h a d e   a n d   w a s   t r a n s p l a n t e d   i n   f a l l o w   u p l a n d   f i e l d s (Fig. 54) and homestead gardens covering 15 farmers. Proper care was taken for draining excess water during August-September and full package of practices were implemented.

Real Time Contingency Planning: Initial Experiences from AICRPDA

Alternative high value vegetable crops of chili, tomato and brinjal crops with artificial drainage under excess rainfall

5.  Short duration horsegram as a contingency crop : Due to high rainfall, maize and other upland crops were not sown or the sown crops were failed.  Horsegram (BK-1) as a contingency crop (Fig. 55) was sown in upland situation in 20 farmers fields in NICRA villages.

   

Performance of horsegram as a contingency crop in uplands after failure of maize

6.   Change of variety: The sowing of finger millet in uplands was not possible in time due to heavy rains. However, in some fields, the sowing was done but due to heavy rains the germination was affected. As  a  real  time  contingency  measure, resowing of finger millet with GPU-28 (Fig. 56) was done during first week of August in 10 farmers fields. Crop condition was good.

Short duration fingermillet cv. GPU -28, for delayed sowing

b) Midland Situation

1. Short duration rice variety for delayed sowing: In

20 farmers fields in midland situation, where rice was not sown in time due to heavy rains, late sowing in the last week of August was taken up with early maturing variety of rice (MTU-1010) (Fig. 57) through trans- planting in lehi method  (sowing of sprouted seeds) with higher seed.   

Early maturing transplanted rice  (MTU-1010) in midland in lehi method                                          

c) Lowland Situation                  

1.   Lehi method of establishment of rice under delayed condition: In this region, dry aerobic seeding of rice is generally practiced in lowland situation in the last week of May to first week of June. The sown crops were damaged due to water logging. In this situation, farmers were advised to adopt lehi practice of rice establishment (in this practice pre germinated rice seeds (MTU-1001) are sown in the puddled field). As an intervention drum seeder was used for sowing within limited time with high seed rate and fertilizer. The fields were prepared by tractor with cage wheel. In this situation the drainage system was created by digging the trench in lower side and cutting of bunds to avoid water logging (Fig. 58).

 

Waterlogged fields in low lying area and rice crop sown by lehi method after draining  excess water

                                
 

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